Soil degradation and unsustainable land/water management are key causes and impacts of climate change in Africa. The Great Green Wall initiative, launched in 2007, is the AU's flagship initiative to slow the expansion of the Sahara Desert, address land degradation, boost food security, and to support transformational resilience of communities to adapt to climate change. However, coordination between the various projects composing the Great Green Wall should be further improved. A coherent mapping can help further develop the GGW, while enhanced support for agroforestry can represent additional incentives for youth to stay in rural areas and engage in activities promoting the sustainable use of natural resources. Agroforestry has proven suitable to mitigate the consequences of climate change and can provide livelihood opportunities for youth in the region.